Programa Pan Americano de Defensa y Desarrollo de la Diversidad Biológica, Cultural y Social - asociación civil

La Carta de la Tierra

 

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Adherimos a los postulados y principios de la Iniciativa de la Carta de la Tierra:

1.Respeto y cuidado de la vida.
2.Integridad ecológica.
3.Justicia social y económica.
4.Democracia, no violencia y paz.

Adhiérase
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LA CARTA DE LA TIERRA

THE EARTH CHARTER

Preámbulo

Estamos en un momento crítico de la historia de la Tierra, en el cual la humanidad debe elegir su futuro. A medida que el mundo se vuelve cada vez más interdependiente y frágil, el futuro depara, a la vez, grandes riesgos y grandes promesas. Para seguir adelante, debemos reconocer que en medio de la magnífica diversidad de culturas y formas de vida, somos una sola familia humana y una sola comunidad terrestre con un destino común. Debemos unirnos para crear una sociedad global sostenible fundada en el respeto hacia la naturaleza, los derechos humanos universales, la justicia económica y una cultura de paz. En torno a este fin, es imperativo que nosotros, los pueblos de la Tierra, declaremos nuestra responsabilidad unos hacia otros, hacia la gran comunidad de la vida y hacia las generaciones futuras.

La Tierra, nuestro hogar

La humanidad es parte de un vasto universo evolutivo. La Tierra, nuestro hogar, está viva con una comunidad singular de vida. Las fuerzas de la naturaleza promueven a que la existencia sea una aventura exigente e incierta, pero la Tierra ha brindado las condiciones esenciales para la evolución de la vida. La capacidad de recuperación de la comunidad de vida y el bienestar de la humanidad dependen de la preservación de una biosfera saludable, con todos sus sistemas ecológicos, una rica variedad de plantas y animales, tierras fértiles, aguas puras y aire limpio. El medio ambiente global, con sus recursos finitos, es una preocupación común para todos los pueblos. La protección de la vitalidad, la diversidad y la belleza de la Tierra es un deber sagrado.

La situación global

Los patrones dominantes de producción y consumo están causando devastación ambiental, agotamiento de recursos y una extinción masiva de especies. Las comunidades están siendo destruidas. Los beneficios del desarrollo no se comparten equitativamente y la brecha entre ricos y pobres se está ensanchando. La injusticia, la pobreza, la ignorancia y los conflictos violentos se manifiestan por doquier y son la causa de grandes sufrimientos. Un aumento sin precedentes de la población humana ha sobrecargado los sistemas ecológicos y sociales. Los fundamentos de la seguridad global están siendo amenazados. Estas tendencias son peligrosas, pero no inevitables.

Los retos venideros

La elección es nuestra: formar una sociedad global para cuidar la Tierra y cuidarnos unos a otros o arriesgarnos a la destrucción de nosotros mismos y de la diversidad de la vida. Se necesitan cambios fundamentales en nuestros valores, instituciones y formas de vida. Debemos darnos cuenta de que, una vez satisfechas las necesidades básicas, el desarrollo humano se refiere primordialmente a ser más, no a tener más. Poseemos el conocimiento y la tecnología necesarios para proveer a todos y para reducir nuestros impactos sobre el medio ambiente. El surgimiento de una sociedad civil global, está creando nuevas oportunidades para construir un mundo democrático y humanitario. Nuestros retos ambientales, económicos, políticos, sociales y espirituales, están interrelacionados y juntos podemos proponer y concretar soluciones comprensivas.

Responsabilidad Universal

Para llevar a cabo estas aspiraciones, debemos tomar la decisión de vivir de acuerdo con un sentido de responsabilidad universal, identificándonos con toda la comunidad terrestre, al igual que con nuestras comunidades locales. Somos ciudadanos de diferentes naciones y de un solo mundo al mismo tiempo, en donde los ámbitos local y global, se encuentran estrechamente vinculados. Todos compartimos una responsabilidad hacia el bienestar presente y futuro de la familia humana y del mundo viviente en su amplitud. El espíritu de solidaridad humana y de afinidad con toda la vida se fortalece cuando vivimos con reverencia ante el misterio del ser, con gratitud por el regalo de la vida y con humildad con respecto al lugar que ocupa el ser humano en la naturaleza.

Necesitamos urgentemente una visión compartida sobre los valores básicos que brinden un fundamento ético para la comunidad mundial emergente. Por lo tanto, juntos y con una gran esperanza, afirmamos los siguientes principios interdependientes, para una forma de vida sostenible, como un fundamento común mediante el cual se deberá guiar y valorar la conducta de las personas, organizaciones, empresas, gobiernos e instituciones transnacionales.

 

PRINCIPIOS

I. RESPETO Y CUIDADO DE LA COMUNIDAD DE LA VIDA

1. Respetar la Tierra y la vida en toda su diversidad

2. Cuidar la comunidad de la vida con entendimiento, compasión y amor.

3. Construir sociedades democráticas que sean justas, participativas, sostenibles y pacíficas

4. Asegurar que los frutos y la belleza de la Tierra se preserven para las generaciones presentes y futuras.

II. INTEGRIDAD ECOLÓGICA

5. Proteger y restaurar la integridad de los sistemas ecológicos de la Tierra, con especial preocupación por la diversidad biológica y los procesos naturales que sustentan la vida.

6. Evitar dañar como el mejor método de protección ambiental y cuando el conocimiento sea limitado, proceder con precaución.

7. Adoptar patrones de producción, consumo y reproducción que salvaguarden las capacidades regenerativas de la Tierra, los derechos humanos y el bienestar comunitario.

8. Impulsar el estudio de la sostenibilidad ecológica y promover el intercambio abierto y la extensa aplicación del conocimiento adquirido.

III. JUSTICIA SOCIAL Y ECONÓMICA

9. Erradicar la pobreza como un imperativo ético, social y ambiental.

10. Asegurar que las actividades e instituciones económicas, a todo nivel, promuevan el desarrollo humano de forma equitativa y sostenible.

11. Afirmar la igualdad y equidad de género como prerrequisitos para el desarrollo sostenible y asegurar el acceso universal a la educación, el cuidado de la salud y la oportunidad económica.

12. Defender el derecho de todos, sin discriminación, a un entorno natural y social que apoye la dignidad humana, la salud física y el bienestar espiritual, con especial atención a los derechos de los pueblos indígenas y las minorías.

IV. DEMOCRACIA, NO VIOLENCIA Y PAZ

13. Fortalecer las instituciones democráticas en todos los niveles y brindar transparencia y rendimiento de cuentas en la gobernabilidad, participación inclusiva en la toma de decisiones y acceso a la justicia.

14. Integrar en la educación formal y en el aprendizaje a lo largo de la vida, las habilidades, el conocimiento y los valores necesarios para un modo de vida sostenible.

15. Tratar a todos los seres vivientes con respeto y consideración.

16. Promover una cultura de tolerancia, no violencia y paz.

EL CAMINO HACIA ADELANTE

Como nunca antes en la historia, el destino común nos hace un llamado a buscar un nuevo comienzo. Tal renovación es la promesa de estos principios de la Carta de la Tierra. Para cumplir esta promesa, debemos comprometernos a adoptar y promover los valores y objetivos en ella expuestos.

El proceso requerirá un cambio de mentalidad y de corazón; requiere también de un nuevo sentido de interdependencia global y responsabilidad universal. Debemos desarrollar y aplicar imaginativamente la visión de un modo de vida sostenible a nivel local, nacional, regional y global. Nuestra diversidad cultural es una herencia preciosa y las diferentes culturas encontrarán sus propias formas para concretar lo establecido. Debemos profundizar y ampliar el diálogo global que generó la Carta de la Tierra, puesto que tenemos mucho que aprender en la búsqueda colaboradora de la verdad y la sabiduría.

La vida a menudo conduce a tensiones entre valores importantes. Ello puede implicar decisiones difíciles; sin embargo, se debe buscar la manera de armonizar la diversidad con la unidad; el ejercicio de la libertad con el bien común; los objetivos de corto plazo con las metas a largo plazo. Todo individuo, familia, organización y comunidad, tiene un papel vital que cumplir. Las artes, las ciencias, las religiones, las instituciones educativas, los medios de comunicación, las empresas, las organizaciones no gubernamentales y los gobiernos, están llamados a ofrecer un liderazgo creativo. La alianza entre gobiernos, sociedad civil y empresas, es esencial para la gobernabilidad efectiva.

Con el objeto de construir una comunidad global sostenible, las naciones del mundo deben renovar su compromiso con las Naciones Unidas, cumplir con sus obligaciones bajo los acuerdos internacionales existentes y apoyar la implementación de los principios de la Carta de la Tierra, por medio de un instrumento internacional legalmente vinculante sobre medio ambiente y desarrollo.

Que el nuestro sea un tiempo que se recuerde por el despertar de una nueva reverencia ante la vida; por la firme resolución de alcanzar la sostenibilidad; por el aceleramiento en la lucha por la justicia y la paz y por la alegre celebración de la vida.

Adhiérase

Sitio de la CARTA DE LA TIERRA: http://www.earthcharter.org/endorse/

 

 

Preamble

We stand at a critical moment in Earth's history, a time when humanity must choose its future. As the world becomes increasingly interdependent and fragile, the future at once holds great peril and great promise. To move forward we must recognize that in the midst of a magnificent diversity of cultures and life forms we are one human family and one Earth community with a common destiny. We must join together to bring forth a sustainable global society founded on respect for nature, universal human rights, economic jus

tice, and a culture of peace. Towards this end, it is imperative that we, the peoples of Earth, declare our responsibility to one another, to the greater community of life, and to future generations.

Earth, Our Home

Humanity is part of a vast evolving universe. Earth, our home, is alive with a unique community of life. The forces of nature make existence a demanding and uncertain adventure, but Earth has provided the conditions essential to life's evolution. The resilience of the community of life and the well-being of humanity depend upon preserving a healthy biosphere with all its ecological systems, a rich variety of plants and animals, fertile soils, pure waters, and clean air. The global environment with its finite resources is a common concern of all peoples. The protection of Earth's vitality, diversity, and beauty is a sacred trust.

The Global Situation

The dominant patterns of production and consumption are causing environmental devastation, the depletion of resources, and a massive extinction of species. Communities are being undermined. The benefits of development are not shared equitably and the gap between rich and poor is widening. Injustice, poverty, ignorance, and violent conflict are widespread and the cause of great suffering. An unprecedented rise in human population has overburdened ecological and social systems. The foundations of global security are threatened. These trends are perilous—but not inevitable.

The Challenges Ahead

The choice is ours: form a global partnership to care for Earth and one another or risk the destruction of ourselves and the diversity of life. Fundamental changes are needed in our values, institutions, and ways of living. We must realize that when basic needs have been met, human development is primarily about being more, not having more. We have the knowledge and technology to provide for all and to reduce our impacts on the environment. The emergence of a global civil society is creating new opportunities to build a democratic and humane world. Our environmental, economic, political, social, and spiritual challenges are interconnected, and together we can forge inclusive solutions.

Universal Responsibility

To realize these aspirations, we must decide to live with a sense of universal responsibility, identifying ourselves with the whole Earth community as well as our local communities. We are at once citizens of different nations and of one world in which the local and global are linked. Everyone shares responsibility for the present and future well-being of the human family and the larger living world. The spirit of human solidarity and kinship with all life is strengthened when we live with reverence for the mystery of being, gratitude for the gift of life, and humility regarding the human place in nature.

We urgently need a shared vision of basic values to provide an ethical foundation for the emerging world community. Therefore, together in hope we affirm the following interdependent principles for a sustainable way of life as a common standard by which the conduct of all individuals, organizations, businesses, governments, and transnational institutions is to be guided and assessed.

PRINCIPLES

I. RESPECT AND CARE FOR THE COMMUNITY OF LIFE

1. Respect Earth and life in all its diversity.
Recognize that all beings are interdependent and every form of life has value regardless of its worth to human beings.
Affirm faith in the inherent dignity of all human beings and in the intellectual, artistic, ethical, and spiritual potential of humanity.

2. Care for the community of life with understanding, compassion, and love.
Accept that with the right to own, manage, and use natural resources comes the duty to prevent environmental harm and to protect the rights of people
Affirm that with increased freedom, knowledge, and power comes increased responsibility to promote the common good

3. Build democratic societies that are just, participatory, sustainable, and peaceful.
Ensure that communities at all levels guarantee human rights and fundamental freedoms and provide everyone an opportunity to realize his or her full potential.
Promote social and economic justice, enabling all to achieve a secure and meaningful livelihood that is ecologically responsible.

4. Secure Earth's bounty and beauty for present and future generations.
Recognize that the freedom of action of each generation is qualified by the needs of future generations.
Transmit to future generations values, traditions, and institutions that support the long-term flourishing of Earth's human and ecological communities.

In order to fulfill these four broad commitments, it is necessary to:

II. ECOLOGICAL INTEGRITY

5. Protect and restore the integrity of Earth's ecological systems, with special concern for biological diversity and the natural processes that sustain life.
Adopt at all levels sustainable development plans and regulations that make environmental conservation and rehabilitation integral to all development initiatives.
Establish and safeguard viable nature and biosphere reserves, including wild lands and marine areas, to protect Earth's life support systems, maintain biodiversity, and preserve our natural heritage.

Promote the recovery of endangered species and ecosystems.
Control and eradicate non-native or genetically modified organisms harmful to native species and the environment, and prevent introduction of such harmful organisms.

Manage the use of renewable resources such as water, soil, forest products, and marine life in ways that do not exceed rates of regeneration and that protect the health of ecosystems.

Manage the extraction and use of non-renewable resources such as minerals and fossil fuels in ways that minimize depletion and cause no serious environmental damage.

6. Prevent harm as the best method of environmental protection and, when knowledge is limited, apply a precautionary approach.
Take action to avoid the possibility of serious or irreversible environmental harm even when scientific knowledge is incomplete or inconclusive.
Place the burden of proof on those who argue that a proposed activity will not cause significant harm, and make the responsible parties liable for environmental harm.
Ensure that decision making addresses the cumulative, long-term, indirect, long distance, and global consequences of human activities.
Prevent pollution of any part of the environment and allow no build-up of radioactive, toxic, or other hazardous substances
Avoid military activities damaging to the environment.

7. Adopt patterns of production, consumption, and reproduction that safeguard Earth's regenerative capacities, human rights, and community well-being.
Reduce, reuse, and recycle the materials used in production and consumption systems, and ensure that residual waste can be assimilated by ecological systems.
Act with restraint and efficiency when using energy, and rely increasingly on renewable energy sources such as solar and wind.

Promote the development, adoption, and equitable transfer of environmentally sound technologies.
Internalize the full environmental and social costs of goods and services in the selling price, and enable consumers to identify products that meet the highest social and environmental standards.
Ensure universal access to health care that fosters reproductive health and responsible reproduction.
Adopt lifestyles that emphasize the quality of life and material sufficiency in a finite world.

8. Advance the study of ecological sustainability and promote the open exchange and wide application of the knowledge acquired.
Support international scientific and technical cooperation on sustainability, with special attention to the needs of developing nations.
Recognize and preserve the traditional knowledge and spiritual wisdom in all cultures that contribute to environmental protection and human well-being.
Ensure that information of vital importance to human health and environmental protection, including genetic information, remains available in the public domain.

III. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC JUSTICE

9. Eradicate poverty as an ethical, social, and environmental imperative.
Guarantee the right to potable water, clean air, food security, uncontaminated soil, shelter, and safe sanitation, allocating the national and international resources required.
Empower every human being with the education and resources to secure a sustainable livelihood, and provide social security and safety nets for those who are unable to support themselves.
Recognize the ignored, protect the vulnerable, serve those who suffer, and enable them to develop their capacities and to pursue their aspirations.

10. Ensure that economic activities and institutions at all levels promote human development in an equitable and sustainable manner.
Promote the equitable distribution of wealth within nations and among nations.
Enhance the intellectual, financial, technical, and social resources of developing nations, and relieve them of onerous international debt.
Ensure that all trade supports sustainable resource use, environmental protection, and progressive labor standards.
Require multinational corporations and international financial organizations to act transparently in the public good, and hold them accountable for the consequences of their activities.

11. Affirm gender equality and equity as prerequisites to sustainable development and ensure universal access to education, health care, and economic opportunity.
Secure the human rights of women and girls and end all violence against them.
Promote the active participation of women in all aspects of economic, political, civil, social, and cultural life as full and equal partners, decision makers, leaders, and beneficiaries.
Strengthen families and ensure the safety and loving nurture of all family members.

12. Uphold the right of all, without discrimination, to a natural and social environment supportive of human dignity, bodily health, and spiritual well-being, with special attention to the rights of indigenous peoples and minorities.
Eliminate discrimination in all its forms, such as that based on race, color, sex, sexual orientation, religion, language, and national, ethnic or social origin.
Affirm the right of indigenous peoples to their spirituality, knowledge, lands and resources and to their related practice of sustainable livelihoods.
Honor and support the young people of our communities, enabling them to fulfill their essential role in creating sustainable societies.
Protect and restore outstanding places of cultural and spiritual significance.

IV. DEMOCRACY, NONVIOLENCE, AND PEACE

13. Strengthen democratic institutions at all levels, and provide transparency and accountability in governance, inclusive participation in decision making, and access to justice.
Uphold the right of everyone to receive clear and timely information on environmental matters and all development plans and activities which are likely to affect them or in which they have an interest.

Support local, regional and global civil society, and promote the meaningful participation of all interested individuals and organizations in decision making.
Protect the rights to freedom of opinion, expression, peaceful assembly, association, and dissent.
Institute effective and efficient access to administrative and independent judicial procedures, including remedies and redress for environmental harm and the threat of such harm.
Eliminate corruption in all public and private institutions.
Strengthen local communities, enabling them to care for their environments, and assign environmental responsibilities to the levels of government where they can be carried out most effectively.

14. Integrate into formal education and life-long learning the knowledge, values, and skills needed for a sustainable way of life.
Provide all, especially children and youth, with educational opportunities that empower them to contribute actively to sustainable development.
Promote the contribution of the arts and humanities as well as the sciences in sustainability education.
Enhance the role of the mass media in raising awareness of ecological and social challenges.
Recognize the importance of moral and spiritual education for sustainable living.

15. Treat all living beings with respect and consideration.
Prevent cruelty to animals kept in human societies and protect them from suffering.
Protect wild animals from methods of hunting, trapping, and fishing that cause extreme, prolonged, or avoidable suffering.

Avoid or eliminate to the full extent possible the taking or destruction of non-targeted species.

Avoid or eliminate to the full extent possible the taking or destruction of non-targeted species.

16. Promote a culture of tolerance, nonviolence, and peace.
Encourage and support mutual understanding, solidarity, and cooperation among all peoples and within and among nations
Implement comprehensive strategies to prevent violent conflict and use collaborative problem solving to manage and resolve environmental conflicts and other disputes.
Demilitarize national security systems to the level of a non-provocative defense posture, and convert military resources to peaceful purposes, including ecological restoration.
Eliminate nuclear, biological, and toxic weapons and other weapons of mass destruction.

Ensure that the use of orbital and outer space supports environmental protection and peace.
Recognize that peace is the wholeness created by right relationships with oneself, other persons, other cultures, other life, Earth, and the larger whole of which all are a part.

THE WAY FORWARD

As never before in history, common destiny beckons us to seek a new beginning. Such renewal is the promise of these Earth Charter principles. To fulfill this promise, we must commit ourselves to adopt and promote the values and objectives of the Charter.

This requires a change of mind and heart. It requires a new sense of global interdependence and universal responsibility. We must imaginatively develop and apply the vision of a sustainable way of life locally, nationally, regionally, and globally. Our cultural diversity is a precious heritage and different cultures will find their own distinctive ways to realize the vision. We must deepen and expand the global dialogue that generated the Earth Charter, for we have much to learn from the ongoing collaborative search for truth and wisdom.

Life often involves tensions between important values. This can mean difficult choices. However, we must find ways to harmonize diversity with unity, the exercise of freedom with the common good, short-term objectives with long-term goals. Every individual, family, organization, and community has a vital role to play. The arts, sciences, religions, educational institutions, media, businesses, nongovernmental organizations, and governments are all called to offer creative leadership. The partnership of government, civil society, and business is essential for effective governance.

In order to build a sustainable global community, the nations of the world must renew their commitment to the United Nations, fulfill their obligations under existing international agreements, and support the implementation of Earth Charter principles with an international legally binding instrument on environment and development.

Let ours be a time remembered for the awakening of a new reverence for life, the firm resolve to achieve sustainability, the quickening of the struggle for justice and peace, and the joyful celebration of life.

Endorse it

The Earth Charter Website
Explore the Earth Charter website for more information:
www.earthcharter.org

 

Miembros del Consejo Directivo de la Iniciativa de la
Carta de la Tierra

Chairs of the Bureau
of the Inciative of the
Earth Charter

Amadou Toumani Touré,  Mali (África)

Kamla Chowdhry, India (Asia y el Pacífico)

Mikhail Gorbachev, Rusia (Europa)

Maurice F. Strong, Canada (América del Norte)

Mercedes Sosa, Argentina (América latina y el Caribe)

 

  Arriba

Cuadernos de Bioética

INSTITUCIONES
ELABE~Mainetti
Observatorio Indígena
S.I.A. Información Ambiental

REVISTAS

Drogas, mejor hablar de ciertas cosas

Salud & Sociedad
S.I.D.A.: un desafío bioético

PROGRAMAS
Cát. Bioética y Derecho (UBA)

Cát. Derecho de los Pueblos Indígenas (UBA)

Cát. Biotech & Derecho (UBA)
Cát. Propiedad Industrial y Mercado (UBA)

Derecho, Economía y Sociedad

PROPUESTAS
Tesis doctorales y Magistrales

Dominique Lussier ~ Esculturas
Marea baja ~ Maré baixa

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Última modificación: Sábado, 06 de Agosto de 2005